Daily Archives: August 21, 2011
Certain times we may have a hard disk that has several partitions and of which only one is related to the Installed ubuntu OS.
The remaining partitions have to be mounted each time you start your computer. I had faced such a situation where my music files and all other documents where on a separate partition and each time i had to mount them manually and provide my password (till ubuntu9.10, from ubuntu 10.04 they have not been prompting for password), I could not set my library location in banshee and i couldn’t do such configurations because each time i shutdown tat location is lost to the player, so i decided to set automount, this article will be helpful to all those who face any similar situation.
The file that contains the data regarding the devices to be mounted at startup are in /etc/fstab
First we have to create a directory to which our partition will be mounted create one directory per partition. I created the directories in the directory /media
open up the terminal and type
sudo mkdir location_of_dir/name_of_dir
or you can use nautilus the file manager to create a folder.
If the the directory is created in a location where u need root privileges use sudo,
after that we can modify /etc/fstab, It is always advisable to create a backup of the /etc/fstab because any error in that file can prevent your OS from booting.
Once you have created the backup.
sudo gedit /etc/fstab
open the /etc/fstab with a text editor of your choice with root privileges
In this file add the details in the order
<file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
Where filesystem can be obtained by checking the output of the command
perform this operation when the required partition is mounted from that you will obtain the filesystem something like /dev/sda3 etc
Mount point is the directory you created specify full path.
type is the type of file system like ext4,fat,ntfs etc.
options is normally given as defaults and dump and pass is given 0
I had a partition /dev/sda5 and i created the directory /media/mydisk my partition was of type ext4, so to my /etc/fstab I added
/dev/sda5 /media/mydisk ext4 defaults 0 0
Save the file and in command prompt type
sudo mount -a
If everything went well your partitons should be mounted by now now try restarting your compurter and you can still see that your partitions are amounted, and you are free you don’t have to mount them everytime.
Hope this will be helpfull to you.